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dat 2017/03/28 23:41 dat 2017/03/29 00:48 current
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====== **The dat Ontology ** ====== ====== **The dat Ontology ** ======
 +**Note: The ontology and its URI is no longer maintained. It has been archived at http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/dat for reference purposes. (2017/03/28)**
-====== Digital Archives Thesaurus Ontology ======+  * Last Published: January 2015 ([[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0dkVy94lh1XaVA3V0N3WXRFQ1k|Turtle file]])
- +  * Previous version: 20141114 ([[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0dkVy94lh1XNVhDaW12VWU2amM|Turtle file]])
-  * Last Published: January 2015 (Turtle file) +
- +
-  * Previous version: 20141114 (Turtle file)+
  * **Authors:** Andrea Wei-Ching Huang, Chung-Hsi Hung, and Wan-Jung Shu, Keh-Jiann Chen, Tyng-Ruey Chuang, Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.   * **Authors:** Andrea Wei-Ching Huang, Chung-Hsi Hung, and Wan-Jung Shu, Keh-Jiann Chen, Tyng-Ruey Chuang, Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
  * **Contributors:** Sheng Ting, Academia Sinica Digital Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.   * **Contributors:** Sheng Ting, Academia Sinica Digital Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
 +
===== **Introduction:** ===== ===== **Introduction:** =====
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This document describes a beta ontology for publishing a collection in the Union Catalog of Digital Archives Taiwan as Linked Open Data. A Digital Archives Thesaurus (dat) is being designed for catalogs of the Chinese Artifacts. Examples demonstrated in this linked open data prototype are drawn from 25 digital objects in five sub-catalogs, namely jade/stone artifacts , ceramic artifacts , metal artifacts , enamelware and glass artifacts, and bamboo/wood lacquerware. This document describes a beta ontology for publishing a collection in the Union Catalog of Digital Archives Taiwan as Linked Open Data. A Digital Archives Thesaurus (dat) is being designed for catalogs of the Chinese Artifacts. Examples demonstrated in this linked open data prototype are drawn from 25 digital objects in five sub-catalogs, namely jade/stone artifacts , ceramic artifacts , metal artifacts , enamelware and glass artifacts, and bamboo/wood lacquerware.
 +
 +
 +{{datontology.jpg|}}
===== **Status:** ===== ===== **Status:** =====
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 +
 +==============================================================================
====== Property ====== ====== Property ======
 +
===== artifactType ===== ===== artifactType =====
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-2. Property Name: ceramicCharacteristics +===== ceramicCharacteristics =====
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#ceramicCharacteristics +
-Labels: dat:ceramicCharacteristics; [陶瓷性狀描述]+**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#ceramicCharacteristics
-Definition: The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the special types and characteristics of the pottery and porcelain.  +**Labels: **dat:ceramicCharacteristics [陶瓷性狀描述]
-Has domain: dat:Artifact +
-Has range: dat:Concept or aat:Concept +**Definition:** The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the special types and characteristics of the pottery and porcelain.  
 +  * Has domain: dat:Artifact 
 +  * Has range: dat:Concept or aat:Concept 
 +
-3. Property Name: componentForm +===== componentForm =====
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#componentForm  +
-Labels: dat:componentForm; [(器物)局部形制] +**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#componentForm
-Definition: The property relates the digital object with the concept describing parts or components of the physical object which are made or created under some conditional limitations.  +**Labels:** dat:componentForm [(器物)局部形制]
-4. Property Name: describedSubject +
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#describedSubject  +
-Labels: dat:describedSubject; [(物件或裝飾)描繪對象] +**Definition:** The property relates the digital object with the concept describing parts or components of the physical object which are made or created under some conditional limitations.
-Definition: The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the subject used for decoration purposes of the physical object.  +===== describedSubject =====
-5. Property Name: decorationSubject +
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#decorationSubject  +
-Labels: dat:decorationSubject; [(器物)裝飾主題] +**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#describedSubject 
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing subjects used for decoration purposes.  +**Labels:** dat:describedSubject [(物件或裝飾)描繪對象]
-6. Property Name: designElement +
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#designElement  +
-Labels: dat:designElement; [設計元素] +**Definition:** The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the subject used for decoration purposes of the physical object.
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing elements used for design purposes.  +===== decorationSubject =====
-7. Property Name: hasTag +
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#hasTag  +
-Labels: dat:hasTag; [具有標籤] +**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#decorationSubject 
-Definition: This relation describes that the concept node is composed by tags which are generated by the collection content, filtered by experts and may be mapped to the AAT concept. For interoperability purposes, we adopt the value of dat:Tag that is relating to AAT as values in AAT Terms.  +**Labels:** dat:decorationSubject; [(器物)裝飾主題]
-Has domain: dat:Concept +
-Has range: dat:Tag +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing subjects used for decoration purposes.
-8. Property Name: style +===== designElement =====
-IRI: http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#style +
-Labels: dat:style ; [(器物)風格]+**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#designElement 
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the style of the creation. +**Labels:** dat:designElement; [設計元素]
-9. Property Name: dct:medium +
-IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/medium  +
-Labels: dct:medium; [使用材料] +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing elements used for design purposes.
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the material used for making the physical object.  +===== hasTag =====
-10. Property Name:  dct:instructionalMethod +
-IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/instructionalMethod  +
-Labels: dct:instructionalMethod; [使用技術] +**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#hasTag 
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the method used for making the physical object.  +**Labels:** dat:hasTag; [具有標籤]
-11. Property Name: dct:created +
-IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/created  +
-Labels: dct:created; [創作時代] +**Definition:** This relation describes that the concept node is composed by tags which are generated by the collection content, filtered by experts and may be mapped to the AAT concept. For interoperability purposes, we adopt the value of dat:Tag that is relating to AAT as values in AAT Terms.  
 +  * Has domain: dat:Concept 
 +  * Has range: dat:Tag 
 +
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the time of the creation of the physical object.  +===== style =====
-12. Property Name:  dct:title +
-IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/title  +
-Labels: dct:title; [標題] +**IRI:** http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#style
-Definition: This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the time of the creation of the physical object.  +**Labels:** dat:style [(器物)風格]
-Has range: dat:ObjectName +
-13. Property Name:  schema:color +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the style of the creation.
-IRI: http://schema.org/color  +
-Labels: schema:color; [色彩描述] +===== dct:medium =====
-Definition: The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the name of the color, lightness or darkness, and sometimes may include the feeling of the color like the warmth and coolness of the color used.  +**IRI:** http://purl.org/dc/terms/medium  
-14. Property Name:  schema:url +**Labels:** dct:medium [使用材料]
-IRI: http://schema.org/url +
-Label: schema:url +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the material used for making the physical object.
-Has range: dat:Source +===== dct:instructionalMethod =====
-15. Property Name:  r4r:isPartOf +**IRI:** http://purl.org/dc/terms/instructionalMethod
-IRI: http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/isPartof +
-Label: r4r:isPartOf ; [為其一部分]+**Labels:** dct:instructionalMethod [使用技術]
-Definition: The property used here is to relate the digital object for reusing purpose. It describes the partial relationship between the digital object and its dataset while at the same time further constraints their temporal and spatial relations.  +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the method used for making the physical object.
-16. Property Name:  r4r:hasProvenance +
-IRI: http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/hasProvenance  +
-Labels: r4r:hasProvenance; [具有後設資料溯源資訊] +===== dct:created =====
-Definition: The property used here is to relate the digital object for reusing purpose. It describes the digital object has metadata. For current practice, the original metadata of the object is not ready to release. However, the basic provenance information that is auto generated by the d2R tool for publishing semantic links of the object can be described.  +**IRI:** http://purl.org/dc/terms/created 
-17. Property Name:  r4r:hasLicense +
-IRI: http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/hasLicense +
-Labels: r4r:hasLicense; [具有授權]+**Labels:** dct:created [創作時代]
-18. Property Name:  skos:broader +**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the time of the creation of the physical object
-IRI: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broader +  
 +===== dct:title =====
-Labels: skos:broader+**IRI:** http://purl.org/dc/terms/title 
-19. Property Name: skos:narrower +**Labels:** dct:title; [標題]
-IRI: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrower +
-Labels: skos:narrower+**Definition:** This property relates the digital object with the concept describing the time of the creation of the physical object.  
 +  * Has range: dat:ObjectName
-20. Property Name:  skos:related 
-IRI: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#related  
-Labels: skos:related+===== schema:color =====
 +**IRI:** http://schema.org/color 
 +**Labels:** schema:color [色彩描述]
 +**Definition:** The property relates the digital object with the concept describing the name of the color, lightness or darkness, and sometimes may include the feeling of the color like the warmth and coolness of the color used.
 +===== schema:url =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://schema.org/url 
 +
 +**Label:** schema:url
 +
 +  * Has range: dat:Source
 +
 +
 +===== r4r:isPartOf =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/isPartof 
 +
 +**Label:** r4r:isPartOf ; [為其一部分]
 +
 +**Definition:** The property used here is to relate the digital object for reusing purpose. It describes the partial relationship between the digital object and its dataset while at the same time further constraints their temporal and spatial relations.
 +
 +===== r4r:hasProvenance =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/hasProvenance 
 +
 +**Labels:** r4r:hasProvenance [具有後設資料溯源資訊]
 +
 +**Definition:** The property used here is to relate the digital object for reusing purpose. It describes the digital object has metadata. For current practice, the original metadata of the object is not ready to release. However, the basic provenance information that is auto generated by the d2R tool for publishing semantic links of the object can be described.
 +
 +===== r4r:hasLicense =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/hasLicense
 +
 +**Labels:** r4r:hasLicense; [具有授權]
 +
 +===== skos:broader =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broader
 +
 +**Labels:** skos:broader
 +
 +===== skos:narrower =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrower
 +**Labels:** skos:narrower
 +
 +
 +
 +===== skos:related =====
 +
 +**IRI:** http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#related
 +
 +**Labels:** skos:related
 +
 +{{dat-ontology-20150123-ch.jpg|}}
 +
 +
 +
 +====== Examples: ======
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Example 1: a Chinese bottle =====
 +
 +The core of the dat ontology describes a Chinese bottle for its artifact types, several component forms and design elements as follow:
 +
 +<code>
 +@prefix aat:    <http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/> .
 +@prefix dat:    <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/ontology#> .
 +@prefix dcat:    <http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#> .
 +@prefix dct:    <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
 +@prefix foaf:    <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .
 +@prefix prov:    http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#> .
 +@prefix prv:    <http://purl.org/net/provenance/ns#> .
 +@prefix r4r:    <http://guava.iis.sinica.edu.tw/r4r/> .
 +@prefix rdf:    <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .
 +@prefix rdfs:    <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .
 +@prefix schema:  <http://schema.org/> .
 +@prefix void:    <http://rdfs.org/ns/void#> .
 +
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/Artifact/3345302>
 +rdfs:isDefinedBy <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/data/Artifact/3345302> ;
 +dat:artifactType <http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300010898> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800003040> , <http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300311497> ;
 +dat:componentForm <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800000894> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001232> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001300> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001099> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800000918> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001212> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001165> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001285> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001237> ;
 +dat:designElement <http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300253899> ,        <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800000697> , <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800000813> .
 +
 +</code>
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Example 2: the curation =====
 +
 +The curation part of the dat ontology describes the same Chinese bottle for its provenance, relation to the dataset, the time of its creation, and its source and possible reusing mechanism as follow:
 +
 +<code>
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/Artifact/3345302>
 +rdfs:isDefinedBy <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/data/Artifact/3345302> ;
 +r4r:hasProvenance <http://trdf.sourceforge.net/provenance/ns.html#DataCreation> ;
 +r4r:isPartOf <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/data/Dataset/10000001> ;
 +dct:created <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001988> ;
 +dct:instructionalMethod
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/Concept/800001785> ;
 +dct:title "明末清初 銅胎琺瑯獸面紋方鼎式爐" ;
 +schema:url <http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/33/0b/96.html> ;
 +foaf:page <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/page/Artifact/3345302> .
 +</code>
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Example 3: r4r and the Chinese bottle=====
 + 
 +The semantic representation of this Chinese bottle is part of the 25 item dataset, and its associated publication like article, slides, and ontology code are ready for anyone to reuse. Therefore the dataset: 10000001 using the Relations for Reusing Ontology (R4R ontology)  is represented as follow:
 +<code>
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/Dataset/10000001>
 +rdfs:subClassOf <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/R4R/10000001> .
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/Article/10000001>
 +rdfs:subClassOf <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/R4R/10000001> .
 +<http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/resource/R4R/10000001>
 +      a      r4r:rrobject ;
 +rdfs:isDefinedBy <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/data/R4R/10000001> ;
 +rdfs:label "A Linked Data Prototype for the Union Catalog of Digital Archives Taiwan" ;
 +rdfs:superClassOf r4r:rrobject ;
 +r4r:hasLicense <http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/> ;
 +r4r:hasProvenance "Citation Information" , <http://trdf.sourceforge.net/provenance/ns.html#DataCreation> ;
 +r4r:hasTime "November 2014" ;
 +r4r:locateAt <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/data/R4R/10000001> ;
 +dct:description "R4R for articles, data and code for PNC 2014" ;
 +dct:publisher "Digital Archives Taiwan" ;
 +dct:title "A Linked Data Prototype for the Union Catalog" ;
 +schema:author "Keh-Jiann Chen, Tyng-Ruey Chuang, Andrea Wei-Ching Huang, Chung-Hsi Hung, and Wan-Jung Shu" ;
 +schema:event <http://www.pnclink.org/pnc2014/english/index.html> ;
 +dcat:theme "A Joint Publication for Reusing through R4R" ;
 +foaf:page <http://dat.digitalarchives.tw/page/R4R/10000001> ;
 +<http://xmlns.com/foaf/spec/#term_page>
 +</code>
 
dat Last modified: 2017/03/28 23:41